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Application of laser welding machine on galvanized steel sheet material

A galvanized sheet is a steel sheet whose surface is coated with a layer of zinc. The galvanized steel sheet is used to prevent the surface of the steel sheet from being corroded for prolonged service life. The surface of the steel sheet is coated with a layer of metallic zinc. This zinc-coated steel sheet is called a galvanized sheet. Zinc plating is an economical and effective rust prevention method that is often used, and about half of the world's zinc production is used in this process.

The galvanized layer of galvanized steel not only has physical shielding effect, but also has electrochemical protection for the steel substrate. Its good corrosion resistance makes galvanized steel widely used in many fields.

However, due to the presence of the galvanized layer in the galvanized steel, the welding processability of the galvanized steel is greatly reduced. In the welding process of the galvanized steel, the physical properties of the coated zinc and the base steel are greatly different, and the zinc plating gasification takes precedence over the melting of the base steel and therefore has a large influence on the quality of the galvanized steel during the welding process.

At present, there are three main welding processes for galvanized steel products: resistance welding, argon arc welding and laser welding. When the traditional resistance welding and argon arc welding are used for galvanized sheet, the zinc evaporated in each galvanized layer will be drained with the molten metal around, or remain in the weld seam in the form of bubbles, causing defects such as pores, cracks in the weld seam, resulting in a low tensile strength of the weld.

Laser welding is a high-energy beam welding technology, which has the advantages of high energy density, high welding efficiency, large depth-to-width ratio, small heat-affected zone, little thermal deformation, energy saving, etc. It is very suitable for the requirements of precision welding technology and it is the most widely used welding method in the actual production process.

The galvanized steel plate Laser welding machine developed by Shenzhen Sunlaser is controlled by industrial computer. The welding speed is fast, the weld strength is generally higher than that of the base metal and the welding loss of zinc coating is low. It has good adaptability to complex structures and is easy for remote welding and automation.

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